Don't know much about history? You aren't alone, especially when it comes to the history of Paulus Hook - and Jersey City in general.

We held our first public Community History Project meeting on March 22, 2023

Please visit our website for updates on the Community History Project: History Happened Here.

With support from the NJ Council for the Humanities, HPHA board members, Stephanie Daniels and Nirupa Umapathy, in partnership with the Historic Paulus Hook Association (HPHA) and the Museum of Jersey City History(MJCH) are putting their energy and passion into unearthing our rich history as part of the NJ Community History Project. We are calling it, Underground Jersey City: Where Am I?

And we want to know how you'd like to uncover Paulus Hook's history.

Join us for a discussion led by Bill Westerman, Sociology & Anthropology professor at NJCU and Martin Pierce, board president of the MJCH. Refreshments will be served.




Walk down any street in Paulus Hook and you are sure to pass sites of a multi-layered history, starting with the legacy of the first inhabitants of this land, the Lenni Lenape, a checkered era of slave ownership and slave trade from the time of the Dutch settlement in the 1600s and sites from the industrial age that have been replaced by high rises. 

Much of this rich historical legacy lies in obscurity – unnamed and unidentified with the exception of a few landmarks such as the Morris Canal. The site of the Battle of Paulus Hook, for example, sports two identical signs that tell viewers they are on the site of  “George Washington’s Flying Camp.” What does that even mean? What actually happened on that site? Those signs will never tell you.


Uncovering the obscured history of a place is exciting. Tell a neighbor what once stood on an empty lot and their eyes widen in disbelief. We saw this play out in real-time last June at a city-wide event, a bicycle ride for children where young riders set off on a scavenger hunt for clues using a map, so they could “find the fort.” When children and their parents rode up to the intersection of Washington and Grand - the site of the fort - they were greeted by HPHA board members and members of the Landmark Conservancy and the newly opened Jersey City History Museum, who happily recounted the story of the Battle of Paulus Hook. In the process people got a sense of what the land they were standing on actually looked like in 1779. The children were busy playing with their prizes – but parents were transfixed. They had no idea about any of the area’s history and were hungry for more.


At the beginning, of course! Think of Paulus Hook before it had a name, the moment before Henry Hudson set foot on land. We will start at that moment-before in the early 1600s and describe the oyster beds that the Lenni Lenape dug, the salt marshes that made Paulus Hook an island at high tide the way of life of the first people who populated this part of the world. We will move forward in time to the Dutch settlers and the first settlement in New Netherland and dig into the Dutch West India Company that traded pelts with the Lenape and filled ships with lumber and other resources that they brought back to their "High and Mightinesses," the Dutch rulers in Amsterdam. We will take a good look at the Africans brought across the ocean to build New Amsterdam, and see how that played out on this side of the Hudson. We want to tell the story of how those who colonized Paulus Hook lived, with one another and with the Lenape. This first phase will end after the Pavonia Massacre, which resulted in over a hundred Lenape brutally killed and the Director of New Netherland sent back to Amsterdam to answer for his actions. Alas he never made it. His ship sank somewhere between here and there. He was replaced by Peter Stuyvesant who led the colonies until 4 British ships showed up in NY Harbor and he handed over the keys.

Digging into history is a little like reading a mystery novel - maybe you find out who dunnit in the end, but maybe not really. What you do find out in the process is why a place is the way it is.


The community history project intends to uncover the living past of local historic sites first of all, by identifying them. This project aims for interactive and storytelling rich formats of presentation and community engagement, creating a visceral connection to “place,” and the history upon which we reside.

If you want to know "how," well, that's where you, the public come in, because we don't really know yet. How best do you learn? How do you want to see history told? 


Community history is inherently a collaborative and shared authority practice, which values the knowledge, expertise and perspectives of all stakeholders. As the name indicates, community is a key stakeholder in this form of history. A subset of public history, this history is designed to be accessible to non-academic audiences. Public historians work with communities to tell untold and underrepresented histories that are outside of dominant historical narratives.


We anticipate that the Community History Project will expand in time and move geographically through Jersey City as did the settlements, so ultimately the story of the years during and after the Revolution, Civil War, creation of the City and Industrial Age, will be told, giving Jersey City residents a more connected sense of place both within immediate neighborhoods and Jersey City at large. 

Stephanie and Nirupa wrote the first grant to be part of a statewide NJ Council on the Humanities cohort that is being trained in how to think like historians, how to engage the community in the process and how to take the next steps to implement the project. We partnered with Martin Pierce from the Jersey City History Museum at Apple Tree House and Bill Westerman, anthropology professor at NJCU. To keep the project moving beyond Paulus Hook, our vision is for interested stakeholders in other neighborhoods to take up the mantle and continue digging. The ultimate goal is to make this a citywide project.


Stephanie Daniels arrived in Paulus Hook in 1990 and has served on the HPHA board since 2006. Currently, in her role as Vice President and content strategist, Stephanie drives community building through digital media. Stephanie spent much of her life in television and film and is an Emmy Award-winning television producer, who co-produced several feature documentaries for PBS, the Smithsonian, and Discovery Channels. Stephanie left broadcast television to work politically on the local level to forge change. Since 2014, she has campaign-managed two city council elections and headed up marketing and social media for the Jersey City mayoral campaign. She currently leads film initiatives and serves as creative director and director of website development for Jersey City. She serves on the Nimbus Dance board, where she was part of a 4-member committee, to create a 5-year plan as an organization that amplifies the multiculturalism and diversity of Jersey City. Stephanie is a fierce advocate for the open space that is Liberty State Park.

Nirupa Umapathy, board member/ community liaison for the HPHA, has been a resident of Paulus Hook since 2002. A native of south India, Nirupa is actively involved in the community as an organizer and social entrepreneur, who is deeply invested in issues pertaining to community connectivity, equity and access, and resilience building, especially in the face of rapid change. Nirupa is a co-founder of a women owned-women run-business, called Salons for Life. SFL organizes salons, facilitated with the lens to empower each individual to tell their story and share experiential wisdom in a peer learning setting emphasizing the power of creativity and connectivity. Nirupa volunteers with Welcome Home - an organization that aids the resettlement of refugees in Jersey City and beyond, and Friends of Liberty State Park- which actively advocates for the preservation of LSP as a public, protected open space. 


John Beekman is a local history librarian and archivist in the New Jersey Room of the Jersey City Free Public Library. He has worked there since receiving his MLIS degree from Rutgers in 2006, becoming Dept. Manager in 2020. Prior to that he was a sheet music librarian at Tams Witmark Music Library, providing scripts and scores to musicals to amateur, school and professional theaters. He is a founding board member of the Museum of Jersey City History. He serves as co-editor of the H-Net forum for NJ History, H-New-Jersey, and is active in the NJ Studies Academic Alliance, the Mid-Atlantic Regional Archives Conference, and the New Jersey Library Association’s History and Preservation section, from which he received the 2022 Susan Swartzburg Award.

Martin Pierce is proud to be the first President of the Board of the Museum of Jersey City History (MJCH). For eighteen years I served on the Board of the International Institute of New Jersey; finally, as its president. The Institute assisted aliens, asylees, immigrants, migrants, and refugees in rebuilding shattered lives in a new welcoming community.  During my tenure there, I happily contributed to making Jersey City the diverse, equitable, and inclusive place that it strives to be. I see a close connection between my work at the International Institute and my work at MJCH. In the increasingly globalized and socially conflicted Jersey City of today, the lessons of our distinct and unique past are more important than ever in preparing us to confidently face and overcome the many difficult challenges that confront us, by inspiring us to maintain the truly American spirit of our highest ideal: "liberty and justice for all." 

Bill Westerman is Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology, Anthropology, and Social Work, and coordinator of the program in Ethnic and Immigration Studies at New Jersey City University. In addition to a specialty in immigration, he has extensive experience in historical museums, having been director of the Historical Society of Plainfield, N.J. and the Cambodian American Heritage Museum and Killing Fields Memorial in Chicago. He was a co-founder of First Friends of NJ and NY, an organization serving refugees and asylum-seekers, and worked for nine years at the International Institute of New Jersey here in Jersey City where he directed the Program for Immigrant Traditional Artists. 


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